Wasgamuwa National Park
Along Mahaweli River lie riverine forests, dry monsoon forests, grasslands and marshy wetlands. Within this scenic beauty lies Wasgamuwa National Park which is a true paradise for nature lovers. It is most famous for its elephants that are less accustomed to humans than other elephants around Sri Lanka resulting in their wilder and aggressive behavior. The common tree species of Wasgamuwa National Park includes Palu, Weera, Satin and Ebony and wettest area is dominated by Kumbuk trees and in addition the forest consists of 150 other plan species. The name of the park is derived from the words “Walas” (Sloth Bear) and “Gamuwa” (Forest). There is a high population of these animals living within the park as well as 22 other species of mammals such as Spotted Deer, Grey Mongoose, Hanuman Langurs, Wild Boar, Leopards and Jackals. From the 428 species of bird to be found in Sri Lanka, 143 are found in Wasgamuwa including endemic species such as the Ceylon Jungle fowl, Ceylon Grey Hornbill, Brown-capped Babbler, Blue-faced Malkoha, Lesser Adjutant, Grey-headed Fish eagle and Brown Fish Owl.
Wasgamuwa is also home to 17 reptile species, 17 freshwater fish species and 8 amphibian species. After the North East Monsoon, 50 species of butterflies can be seen fluttering in great numbers in all areas of the park